Date of Award


Document Type



Christian Studies

First Reader

Dr. Ray Franklin

Second Reader

Dr. Marvin Pate

Third Reader

Professor Stacy Freeman


Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) has become a popular treatment in clinical settings for a variety of conditions. The term mindfulness was first used in relation to the Satipaffhana Sutta. 1 This passage from the Buddhist texts contains instructions regarding sati, which roughly translates from the Pali language to English as mindfulness. Mindfulness is a key component of the Buddhist religion, finding its place in both the Threefold Way and the Seven Factors of Awakening, or Enlightenment. Mindfulness falls under the umbrella of meditation. 2 Meditation takes several forms. Meditation is extremely useful for Christians, but not every type of meditation is Biblical. This paper examines meditation in the Satipaffhana Sutta, Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, and the Bible to determine their purposes and goals and whether MBSR contains Buddhist elements that render it unfit for Christians.



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