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During the period from the latter part of the eighteenth century to the mid-nineteenth century, life in England changed perhaps more drastically than at any other time in history. In the late 1800's, the majority of the citizenry lived in rural villages; therefore, English society and laws were geared to a rural culture. However, with the coming of the Industrial Revolution the emphasis shifted from rural to urban.

The Industrial Revolution also created many problems never before faced by the country: misapportioned House of Commons seats, atrocious working circumstances, and miserable living conditions. For many years these situations were ignored as much as possible; however, towards the middle of the nineteenth century Parliament began to make efforts to improve some of these conditions. The reasons for these attempts at improvements were, of course, multifarious. This paper, however, will be limited to showing that the education of the people assisted them in obtaining improved social conditions.

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