Date of Award
The instrument which is now the clarinet originated in Egypt as a cylindrical tube of cane with a single beating reed. A sound generator, formed from a piece of cane was added and inserted into the larger body. Then the provision was made for a capsule of horn, of wood, or of a gourd to enclose the reed. This instrument survived into the 18th Century in North Wales and in Anglesey and was provided with a bell of cow horn at the lower end. It later became made of bone or elder wood and was provided with seven fingerholes. This early instrument was called the chalumeau.
Oliger, Brenda, "The Clarinet" (1969). Honors Theses. 586.