Date of Award


Document Type




First Reader

Professor Ralph Ford


Three hundred years ago Anglo-American teaching was done chiefly by the church. In early days English and American education was, in the main, created and sustained, inspired and controlled, by religious groups. But, today, in the greater part of the Protestant world, at least, education is secular. The school has been, or is being, cut off from the church. With the exception of some "private" schools and colleges it has been taken over by another social institution. What institution is that?

There can be no doubt that, with conscious intention or without it, Anglo-American Protestant civilization has drifted into an answer to that question. It is the state which is replacing the church. It is government, nation, provincial, or local, which has control of teaching. Education is not only becoming secular. It is also becoming political.



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