Date of Award


Document Type




First Reader

Professor Carl Durkee


The year 1970 marks an important milestone in the history of Montessori. It is the 100th year anniversary of the birth of Maria Montessori. The was born in Italy on August 31, 1870. Choosing to become the first woman physician-educator-psychologist, she graduated from the University of Rome with double honors. Dr. Montessori became interested in and developed a program for retarded children. Her success made her direct the new therapeutic education toward normal children. However, Montessori gave special education the scope and direction it follows today. She became a world famous as well as controversial person and traveled extensively writing and lecturing on her new methods.



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