On the Verbless or Nominal Clause in Biblical Hebrew: A Synthesis of Andersen and Joüon/Muraoka

Date of Award


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Christian Studies

First Reader

Dr. Doug Nykolaishen


The purpose of this paper is to briefly compare and more fully contrast the methodology, conclusions, and taxonomy used by Francis Andersen in his work The Hebrew Verbless Clause in the Pentateuch and by Paul Joüon and Takamitsu Muraoka in A Grammar of Biblical Hebrew, regarding the verbless or nominal clause in Biblical Hebrew. As Muraoka’s additions to Joüon’s work often acknowledge Andersen’s conclusions, there is naturally much agreement. There are, however, differences of varying degree concerning terminology (such as “verbless” and “nominal”), the treatment of היה , and most notably, word order.

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