Date of Award


Document Type




First Reader

Dr. Joe F. Nix

Second Reader

Professor R. H. Brown

Third Reader

Dr. Joe Jeffers


It has been seen that manganese oxides precipitate from aqueous solution as they pass downstream from cold water release reservoirs. This precipitation is visible in the form of black coatings on gravels in the river or stream bed. These oxide coatings not only cause the further oxidation and precipitation of manganese ions but also have the capacity for adsorbing trace metals from the system. The amount of metal adsorbed varies with the element. This study not only addresses the various elements which may be adsorbed but also the rates at which adsorption occurs and the factors which affect those rates.

Included in

Chemistry Commons



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