Date of Award


Document Type




First Reader

Dr. Bethany Hicks

Second Reader

Dr. Barbara Pemberton

Third Reader

Dr. Margarita Pitado


The Gülenist movement, also known as Hizmet, is an Islamic reform movement that has arisen recently in Turkey. Centered on the teachings of Fethullah Gülen, an Islamic scholar and teacher, the movement has been the focus of both praise and controversy. Accused of being a dangerous “state within a state” by the Turkish government, it has nevertheless attracted a wide following in Turkey and seeks a global audience. In Hizmet, Fethullah Gülen has developed a movement that offers to reconcile the tensions between Islam and Western modernity, encouraging its followers to keep the Islamic faith while embracing the challenges and opportunities of the twenty-first century. Despite its appeals to tolerance and modernity, it faces major obstacles to its continued success.



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