For thousands of years, the land that is now known as Arkansas has been inhabited by native peoples. For much of that time, the Ouachita River valley and much of southwest Arkansas was home to the Caddo Indians and their ancestors.
Archeologists are able to glean a great deal of information about Arkansas’s first people by studying their pottery. According to the Arkansas Archeological Survey, pottery can tell us much about the “material, religious, and intellectual life of past societies and their social interactions such as settlements, trade, and conquests.”
Richter, Wendy Bradley, "Pottery of the Caddo Indians" (2016). Articles. 214.