The construction of the state's railroad system initiated major changes in transportation in this area and all of Arkansas, establishing new shipping and travel connections with the rest of the nation. In 1873, people came to Arkadelphia from as far away as fifty to sixty miles to watch for the Cairo and Fulton Railroad's first passenger train and to witness an event they would remember the rest of their lives. The Cairo and Fulton Railroad established Arkadelphia as a principal transportation hub in southwest Arkansas. The rail line later became a part of the St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern line that ran between Missouri and Texas. Then, it became a part of the Missouri-Pacific Railroad, and even later, the Union-Pacific.
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Richter, Wendy Bradley, "Train wreck near Saline Bayou" (2017). Articles. 188.